Gemstones have been considered as valuable objects since the day they were found. That because of their beauty, color, bright shine (luster), hardness, other performance and specially their rareness. Evidence are found in ancient caves that those cave men also used gemstones like Jasper to make spearheads and as jewelry. It is believed that ancient people believed that these colorfull stones have powers to protect them against danger and gemstones have magical powers. Leaders and kings always used the biggest gemstones in their crown and swards because of these believes.
Hard gemstones like diamonds, sapphires, rubies were collected as pretty objects that could be worn. Gemstones miners and craftmens developed various technologies to cut and polish gemstones to give a better look with improved color and shine. They have cut gemstones into many different shapes and by the time they discovered the faceted cuts of gemstones.
All over the world gems adorned kings and rich people to show their powerfulness. A vast treasure of Lapis Lazuli and Turqouise were found in ancient Egyptian pyramids. Ornaments studded into metal with rare and valuable gemstones were worn for important ceremonies such as coronations, weddings, and funerals.
Sri Lanka and India were always a fabulous source of gems, perhaps the only countries in asia to produce and export gems to Babylon and Persia. All over the world, gems have always been prized for their rarity, their value enhanced by magical properties attributed to them. In India and Sri Lanka and to some extent in China, gemology became a science extending to medicine and was intergrated with the social fabric of the time. Because of these ancient beliefs and studies even today in this age of sciencetific disbelief, gems are worn for their mystical ability to endow health, wealth and happiness.